Recommended sports for patients with osteoarthritis

Feb 26, 2024

Recommended sports for patients with osteoarthritis

by | Feb 26, 2024 | Reports

One of the main doubts concerning the care and welfare of patients with osteoarthritis, is the decision of what kind of exercise and sport can be done naturally without affecting the disease.  

Osteoarthritis, a disease that affects the joints, can limit mobility and cause discomfort for those who suffer from it. However, it is important to note that the practice of adapted and healthy sports can play a crucial role in the management of osteoarthritis by improving muscle strength, flexibility and overall joint health. 

Here are some sports recommended for patients with osteoarthritis, promoting an active life and physical well-being.

1. Swimming:

Swimming is an exceptional option for osteoarthritis sufferers, as it provides a low-impact exercise that relieves pressure on the joints. The water acts as resistance, strengthening the muscles without placing unnecessary stress on the joints. In addition, swimming improves flexibility and range of motion, essential elements in the management of osteoarthritis.

Tip: Try swimming strokes such as breaststroke or crawl to work different muscle groups.

2. Cycling:

Cycling, whether on a conventional or stationary bike, is a low-impact activity that benefits people with osteoarthritis. It helps strengthen leg and hip muscles without putting undue stress on the joints. In addition, cycling improves cardiovascular endurance and promotes overall health.

Tip: Adjust the saddle and handlebar height to ensure a comfortable posture and prevent joint strain.

3. Yoga:

Yoga is a practice that combines stretching, strength and balance exercises and is beneficial for people with osteoarthritis. Controlled postures and movements can help improve flexibility, reduce stiffness and relieve stress on the joints. Adapted or specific classes for beginners are ideal to ensure a gentle and controlled approach.

Tip: Let the instructor know about your condition to receive personalized guidance and accommodations as needed.

4. Tai Chi:

Tai chi is an ancient Chinese discipline that combines gentle, controlled movements with deep breathing techniques. It is known to improve flexibility, balance and coordination, and is particularly beneficial for patients with osteoarthritis. Regular practice of tai chi can help relieve pain and improve joint mobility.

Tip: Look for tai chi classes designed for beginners or adapted for people with specific medical conditions.

5. Muscle Strengthening Exercises:

Performing specific muscle strengthening exercises, focusing on muscle groups surrounding the affected joints, can be beneficial. Resistance training helps to stabilize the joints and reduce the load on them. Simple exercises with light weights or resistance machines can be part of an adapted exercise program.

Tip: Consult a physical therapist or personal trainer to design an exercise program customized to your needs and limitations.

It is critical to remember that before beginning any exercise program, especially for those with medical conditions such as osteoarthritis, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional. He or she can provide specific guidance and ensure that the exercise plan is safe and appropriate for individual needs.

Regular practice of healthy, adapted sports can make a difference in the quality of life of people with osteoarthritis. By promoting mobility, strengthening muscles and improving flexibility, these sports contribute to overall wellness and offer an active and positive alternative for those seeking to effectively manage their condition.

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